What Are The Different Types Of Liars And How To Identify Them

What Are The Different Types Of Liars And How To Identify Them

What Are The Different Types Of Liars And How To Identify Them

Lying is a common human behavior, and we all do it from time to time. However, some people lie more frequently and convincingly than others, which can make it challenging to identify when we’re being deceived. Understanding the different types of liars and how to identify them can help us protect ourselves from being misled or hurt.

There are many different types of liars, from those who tell white lies to spare someone’s feelings to pathological liars who create elaborate falsehoods for their own gain. Some people lie out of habit, while others lie to manipulate or control others. Regardless of the motivation behind the lie, it’s essential to recognize the signs of dishonesty so that we can respond appropriately.

In this article, we’ll explore the various types of liars and the behaviors that can give them away.

  1. Pathological liars

Pathological liars lie compulsively and without any real motivation or reason. They may lie about their achievements, personal relationships, and even mundane things such as what they had for breakfast that day. Pathological lying is a mental health condition and can be difficult to treat. People who lie pathologically often have a history of childhood trauma or abuse, which may have contributed to their compulsive lying behavior.

  1. Compulsive liars

Compulsive liars differ from pathological liars in that they lie for a specific reason, usually to gain something, such as social status or financial gain. Compulsive liars may tell elaborate stories or make up details in order to seem more impressive or important. Unlike pathological liars, they may feel guilty about their lying behavior and may even try to stop, but find it difficult to do so.

  1. White liars

White liars are people who tell small lies that are intended to protect someone’s feelings or avoid conflict. They may tell their friend that they look great in an outfit when they actually don’t, or they may say they’re busy when they don’t want to attend an event. White lies are often harmless and can even be considered socially acceptable in certain situations.

  1. Fraudulent liars

Fraudulent liars intentionally lie for personal gain, often in a professional or financial context. They may exaggerate their credentials or experience on a job application, or they may lie about the value of a product or service in order to make a sale. Fraudulent lying can have serious consequences, both legally and financially.

  1. Omission liars

Omission liars are people who lie by omitting certain details or information. They may not tell the whole truth, but instead, give a partial or incomplete version of events. This type of lying can be difficult to detect, as the liar is not necessarily saying anything untrue, but is withholding important information.

  1. Joking liars

Joking liars tell lies as a form of humor or to amuse themselves or others. They may make up outrageous stories or fabricate details in order to get a laugh or to entertain. While joking lying may not have serious consequences, it can erode trust and make it difficult for others to take the liar seriously.

  1. Defensive liars

Defensive liars lie as a form of self-protection. They may feel threatened or criticized and use lying as a way to deflect blame or avoid consequences. Defensive lying can be damaging in personal and professional relationships, as it erodes trust and can cause others to feel resentful or suspicious.

Identifying Different Types of Liars

Identifying different types of liars can be challenging, as some people are skilled at concealing their dishonest behavior. However, there are some common signs that may indicate someone is lying, such as:

  1. Inconsistencies in their story or behavior

People who lie often have difficulty keeping their stories straight or may give inconsistent information over time. They may also behave differently than they normally would if they were telling the truth, such as avoiding eye contact, becoming defensive, or fidgeting.

  1. Unnecessary or excessive detail

Some liars may try to add unnecessary or excessive detail to their story in an attempt to make it seem more believable. However, this can backfire, as it may make the story seem overly complicated or rehearsed.

  1. Lack of emotion

People who are lying may have a lack of emotion or display inappropriate emotions when telling their story. For example, they may laugh when discussing a serious event or seem indifferent when talking about something that should elicit strong emotions.

  1. Avoidance or deflection

Liars may try to avoid questions or deflect attention away from themselves by changing the subject or pointing fingers at others. They may also become defensive or agitated when questioned, as they feel threatened or exposed.

  1. Unverifiable information

Some liars may make up information or details that are impossible to verify, such as claiming to have met a celebrity or achieved a feat that is unlikely or impossible. This can be a red flag that they are lying, as they know that their story cannot be fact-checked.

  1. Unwillingness to take responsibility

Liars may be unwilling to take responsibility for their actions or admit their mistakes. They may blame others or make excuses for their behavior, rather than owning up to their actions and trying to make amends.

How to Deal with Different Types of Liars

Dealing with different types of liars requires different strategies, depending on the situation and the individual. Here are some general tips for dealing with liars:

  1. Trust your instincts

If something feels off or doesn’t seem to add up, trust your gut. It’s important to listen to your instincts and pay attention to any warning signs that someone may be lying.

  1. Ask for clarification

If you’re unsure about something or suspect that someone may be lying, ask for clarification. Ask follow-up questions or ask them to explain their story again. This can help you identify inconsistencies or gaps in their story.

  1. Verify information

If possible, try to verify the information or details that the person is telling you. This can help you determine if they are being truthful or if they are lying.

  1. Set boundaries

If you’re dealing with a pathological or compulsive liar, it’s important to set boundaries and protect yourself from their behavior. This may mean limiting contact with them or being more cautious in your interactions with them.

  1. Seek professional help

If you or someone you know is struggling with pathological lying, it may be helpful to seek professional help. A mental health professional can work with the individual to identify the root causes of their lying behavior and develop strategies for managing it.


In conclusion, there are many different types of liars, each with their own motivations and behaviors. Understanding these different types of liars can help you identify when someone is lying and take steps to protect yourself from their behavior. By trusting your instincts, asking for clarification, and setting boundaries, you can navigate the complex world of liars with confidence and clarity.

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